Brian Hazard – ‘An Argument Against “Pay What You Want” Pricing’

Brian Hazard is an American singer/songwriter, who also creates a mixture of synthpop and electronica under the guise Color Theory. Brian has currently been pondering the legitimacy of the ‘pay-as-you-please’ download system; here he is with a short article documenting his thoughts on the matter.

Lady Gaga shot to the top of the sales charts upon the release of her last album, in part because it was deeply discounted on Amazon. Radiohead pioneered the “pay what you want” approach, with most downloaders opting to pay nothing at all. Last week I asked my fans which pricing model they prefer, and received dozens of enlightening and thoughtful answers. The discussion continues, but as you’ve already deduced from the title of this article, I’ve made my decision.

I tried both approaches over the past two months, with two full-length rarities sets. Both consist of material already released on USB key, so the audience is relatively limited. I sold the first set for $5 with a discount code, and made the second set name-your-price. The latter features more recent recordings, and is clearly the superior release, so there’s little point in comparing sales numbers directly.

Name-your-price certainly has a lot going for it:

  • It provides a legal alternative to piracy
  • It generates far more downloads, which can boost your mailing list if you require an email address
  • Anyone can “own” your album, even in countries with weak economies or rampant piracy (a decent percentage of my downloads were from Russia)
  • People are more likely to share a link to a “free” download with their friends
  • Potential fans can download first, and decide if they like it later

But in my opinion, those pros don’t offset the cons:

  • “You get what you pay for” is a deeply embedded mental shortcut that holds true in most cases. By that maxim, free music is worthless. Yet when we pay for something, we’ve already at some level decided we’re going to like it. Which perception do you want to reinforce?
  • It means less money per download. A lot less. I averaged $2, with 70% of downloaders opting to pay nothing.
  • It forces every fan to tell you what your music is worth to them.

That last one is a dealbreaker for me. Each of my fans knows that when they enter a dollar amount, I’m going to see it. Some even follow up with an email to explain their thought process. This creates a lot of unnecessary friction. While it may compel some to opt for a higher price, the decision can be paralyzing, as Color Theory fan Simon Lewis describes in the comments:

“I spent too long pondering how much to pay that I missed my chance. I don’t want to rip off the artists (especially ones I care about) but I also want to get stuff cheap (who doesn’t love a bargain?). Then I listened to the ep several times because I could and, although I really liked it, felt I didn’t need to download it yet. I would opt for having just samples up there to tempt me into buying it all. I should have just bought it for the price you put on the first one (but is that enough?).”

Even if you set a minimum price, the option to pay more can be a stumbling block. Of course, those who don’t care what you think will enter the minimum and download away, but are those the fans you want to cultivate?

Here’s my 3-step plan for next time:

Keep in mind that I don’t have the time or resources to create an elaborate collector’s edition or ancillary merchandise, so a tiered approach isn’t an option. Nor do I perform. All I have to offer is the music itself.

  1. Three weeks before the release date, I’ll give away a free song in exchange for an email address (via my Bandcamp site).
  2. Two weeks before the release date, I’ll start taking pre-orders at $5. I’ll post a single 2-3 minute audio teaser with 30 seconds each of 4-6 songs.
  3. On the release date, the price will go up to $10 and the entire album will be streamable.

What do you think? Will this provide the best experience for the fans?

By Brian Hazard

For more information about Brian Hazard, you can visit the official Color Theory website and Facebook page. Also, be sure to check out M3’s recent interview with Brian.


About M3 Event

The music industry is rapidly changing. The internet has enabled widespread piracy, as well as a variety of new business and distribution models. We want to offer an engaged audience in and around the Euregion an opportunity to develop a coherent and detailed picture of the future of music distribution. On the 31st of May 2012 a music conference in Maastricht, consisting of oppositional debates, creative workshops and lectures, will provoke opportunities for intellectual stimulation, debate, as well as networking. We hope to utilise the skills and ideas of some of most forward thinking minds and operators in the industry in order to highlight some promising new ideas and areas which can be improved upon.


  1. Great Article! I just release an album with the pay what you want approach trough bandcamp an it certainly makes fans to have a doubt whether what they are paying if enough or not, which in most cases translates to them preferring to use other sites like Itunes to buy the music because they don’t have to take the decision, it is already made.

  2. I’ve been wondering a lot about this “pay what you want” pricing.
    what do you think about reversing it psychologically into a “pay what you CAN” slogan, so that they are not forced to tell you what your music worth is to them (you already know what your music is worth to you, and that should be enough), but they have to show what they are worth.

  3. “Pay what you can” certainly has a different “charitable giving” kind of tone to it. It feels a little close to begging for my tastes, but it might be worth trying both and comparing the results. In my case, Bandcamp doesn’t let you change the wording that I know of.

  4. Pingback: Interview – Color Theory « M3 Event

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